Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper participates in a roundtable discussion with the commander of U.S. Africa Command, Army Gen. Stephen Townsend, Stuttgart, Germany, Sept. 5, 2019. (DoD photo by Lisa Ferdinando)
U.S. engagement in Africa should be led by civilians, not the military

The U.S.’s military-first approach to counterterrorism in Africa has failed.

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