Ellen Laipson is the Director of the International Security Program at the Schar School of Policy and Government of George Mason University. She was the President and CEO of the Stimson Center from 2002-2015, after a 25 year career in the US government. Her last position in government was Vice Chairman of the National Intelligence Council from 1997-2002. She also served at the US Mission to the UN, on the National Security Council staff, at the Department of State’s Policy Planning staff, and at the Congressional Research Service, where she spent over a decade as a Middle East analyst and manager. She serves on a number of non-profit boards related to diplomacy and international security, and is a regular contributor to World Politics Review.