Martin Scheinin is Professor of International Law and Human Rights, European University Institute (Florence, Italy), since 2008. Martin was the first U.N. Special Rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism (2005-2011) and before that member (1997-2004) of the U.N. Human Rights Committee, the treaty monitoring expert body under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. He was also th leader of the EU-funded SURVEILLE research project (2012-2015), Surveillance: Ethical Issues, Legal Limitations, and Efficiency, https://surveille.eui.eu. This project developed a multidisciplinary methodology for the evidence-based assessment of the security benefit, cost efficiency and human rights harm of surveillance technologies. Martin is currently member of the Scientific Committee of the EU Fundamental Rights Agency.